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Most Common Mortgage Loans

May 7, 2010 | Education | Mortgage Loans | No Comments

If you are in the market for a mortgage, you’ll soon realize that there are several different types available.  The question is which one is right for you.  (Note. You can use a mortgage calculator to compare loans.)  Some of the most common mortgages are as follows:

Fixed-rate mortgages are the most popular because it protects homeowners from increased payments and is very straightforward.  With this mortgage our monthly payment and interest rate stays the same for the entire term of the loan which makes it easier to budget.  Most loans are taken for 30 or 15 years, however, other fix terms are available.

FHA mortgage loans are fixed-rate mortgages back by the Federal Housing Administration (FHA), which is government agency.  FHA loans maybe a good option for first-time buyers.  FHA loans allow lenders to offer lower down payment options, however, with the lower down payments require mortgage insurance.  Additionally, lower the lower the down payment, the higher your monthly payment will be.  So be careful to review the extra costs when considering a FHA loan.

Adjustable-rate mortgages (ARM) have an interest rate that adjusts periodically, usually every 6 or 12 months. When the loan adjusts, the payment will adjust with market interest rate movement. Most lenders also offer a “hybrid ARM,” also known as a “fixed-period ARM”.  This is a mortgage with an initial fixed period of 1, 3, 5, 7, or 10 years, and has an adjustable rate and payment after the fixed period. Fixed-period ARMs are often named by the length of time the interest rate remains fixed.  

A 3/1 ARM, means the “3” is for a three-year introductory period, during which the interest rate remains fixed. The “1” means the interest rate will adjusts once per year after the introductory period.

Introductory period rates are lower during the introductory period, which can mean a lower starting monthly payment. However, when the introductory period ends, your rate will go up or down depending on the market rate. When considering an ARM, you should carefully consider your ability to handle potential increases to your rate, and consequently, your monthly payment.

ARMs caps are available in 2 options. Adjustment caps limit how much your rate can go up or down in any single adjustment period, which limits how much your loan payment can change when it adjusts. Lifetime caps have a maximum interest rate over the entire life of a loan. You should find out what the caps if you’re considering an ARM, and then determine to see if you can handle rate increases.

Interest-only mortgages (I/O) are mortgages that contain an interest-only payment option during a set period in first years of the loan, often the first ten years. Interest-only mortgage payment options can be available on ARMs or fixed rate loans.  During the I/O period, borrowers can delay making principal payments and make monthly payments that include only the loan’s interest. After the interest-only period ends, however, if interest-only payments were made (you can choose to make regular principal + interest payments during the I/O period) your monthly payments will significantly increase when your required monthly payments start to include principal, plus interest.

Adding any unpaid principal from the first 10 years to the principal due on the remaining years of the loan plus interest due on the remaining portion of the loan can result in what is commonly referred to as “payment shock.” You should carefully consider payment shock when considering an I/O payment option. Interest-only mortgages start with monthly payments that include only the loan’s interest.

After this initial interest-only period ends, however, the monthly payments can significantly increase when these payments then start to include the principal. This is called amortization. When an interest-only loan starts amortizing, the monthly payment amount increases, as you begin repaying principal in addition to interest.

Chase has introduced a unique cash back offer for home mortgage.  If you get a new Chase mortgage or refinance, you can choose either a 1% cash back or a 1% payment against your principal balance annually when you sign up for automatic payments on a new Chase Mortgage.  That’s not a bad deal!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The 1% Mortgage Cash Back works with any new Chase mortgage or refinance.  The cash back is deposited into your Chase checking account OR applied as a payment against your mortgage principal.

At your loan closing, complete your enrollment in our automatic mortgage payment service with your Chase personal checking account. Your monthly mortgage payment is automatically deducted from your checking account.

For more information visit https://www.chase.com/chf/mortgage/mortgage-cash-back.

 

 

 

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