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5 Reasons Why I Lost Over $300,000 in the Stock Market

March 6, 2009 | Financial Tips | My Ramblings | Stocks | 5 Comments
moneyfire

In the late 1990s to early 2000’s when Internet stocks were blowing up, I went along for the ride and was exhilarated like most other investors.  Those were the good old days when everyone was making money.  

You didn’t have to know anything about investing in the stock market – just purchase some Internet stocks and you were almost guaranteed to make money.  Never mind if a company had no earnings, just buy it and watch your money double within days or weeks!  It was that simple.  

In the 3 years I spent investing in Internet stocks I invested about $40,000 and watched my portfolio (taxable and IRA) balloon to about $365,000 when the NASDAQ hit 5,000.   With my margin account, I had over $477,000 in stocks and felt my portfolio could hit $1 million in a matter of months.  Looking back, when the NASDAQ hit 5,000 (in March 2000) I should have sold everything because that was the beginning of the end of the ride! 

See screenshots of my stock statements before the downturn

waterhouse-account-1  waterhouse-account-2

Unfortunately, I ended up losing most of that money for 5 main reasons listed below:  

Reason one – I got greedy and started borrowing money to invest, using a margin account.  When the market started tanking, the value of my portfolio dropped faster with the margin account and I ended up having to sell fearing a margin call.  A margin call is when the value of your portfolio drops to a certain point to where the brokerage house wants their money back ASAP.  If you don’t sell your stocks to pay back the money or deposit extra funds in your account, the brokerage house will liquidate your stocks for you.

Reason two – I listened to the so-called experts and company executives in the news and on CNBC telling investors to hold on and to ride it out.   They all ended up being wrong. Looking back, many of the company executives pretty much lied so you wouldn’t sell their company stock.  They would paint a rosy picture of their company’s future, but many of them ended up bankrupt or were sold off.

Reason three – I got emotionally attached to my stocks.  There were many times I looked at my portfolio and thought about dumping all my stocks, but just couldn’t.  I liked my companies and I rationalized that it was just a market correction and soon the good old days would come back.  

Reason four – I didn’t want to send Uncle Sam a big tax check.  If I sold about $326,000 in profit, I would get killed with taxes.  I didn’t want to pay at least 40% (or $130,000) to Uncle Sam.  That would have been one hard check to write.  Looking back, I should have happily paid the money.

Reason five – Nothing goes up in a straight line forever.  A good friend of mine kept warning me that the Internet bubble would eventually burst and I should take some money out the market.   I wish I had taken his advice.

To this day, I’m still amazed that I rode the market all the way up and rode it all the way down, losing most of the money.  For a few years when I think about it, I would get this warm tingly feeling all over my body of anger at myself.  But today I’m over it. I’ve learned from my mistakes and hopefully I will not repeat them in the future.

The lessons I’ve learned about investing in the stock market are:

It’s never a profit until you sell – If you invest in the stock market, whether it’s in individual stocks or mutual funds, it’s never a profit until you sell.  Looking at your portfolio and feeling happy that it’s worth a certain amount is great, but remember until it becomes cash by you selling, the money can vaporize almost overnight.

Have an entrance and an exit strategy – It’s easy to buy a stock, but for many people it’s hard to sell.  If a stock goes up and makes you money, you may hold on hoping it goes up further.  If a stock goes down, you may not want to sell at a loss and you might want to wait for a recovery that may never come.  

Set Stop Orders – In your brokerage account it’s a good idea to set Stop Orders to automatically sell a stock if it falls below a certain point.  This will protect your money from substantial losses.

Don’t be greedy – If you purchase a stock looking for a 30% return and you get it, sell it and be happy.  Why risk losing your nice profit?

Don’t become emotional, it’s all about business – Money is very emotional.  If you lose it, you will be unhappy, if you gain it, you will be happy.  Develop an investing strategy and stick to it no matter what.  If your strategy is to sell a stock that falls 15% below the purchase price, then stick to that strategy no matter what.  If you strategy is to sell if you earn a 30% return, then stick to it no matter what.  Don’t get emotional and deviate from your strategies.

Buy the best stocks – Many amateur investors look for cheap stocks or stocks that have been beaten up (i.e., the current auto stocks).  They figure they can get a lot of shares for cheap.  This is backwards thinking.  The fact is, you should look for stocks that are going up with great financial performance and don’t worry about share price or number of shares you can purchase.  Worry about the return on your investment.  (See Related Article: Find the Best Stocks Using Investors.com Screening Tools)

Never put all your eggs in one basket
– Diversify your portfolio.  Never put all your money in one thing.  I’ve heard countless stories of people putting all their 401K money in their employer stock (Lucent comes to mind) and for years enjoyed watching their portfolio balloon, and then all of a sudden it’s wiped out, leaving them penniless. (i.e., the current Bernard Madoff story also comes to mind).

 

 

 

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5 Comments to “5 Reasons Why I Lost Over $300,000 in the Stock Market”

  1. My Lending Club Account Performance, So Far, So Good | Money Cake
    1:19 pm on September 30th, 2009

    […] CDs aren’t paying that much.  Right now I’m staying away from the stock market after losing money over the last several […]

  2. James
    11:41 am on January 5th, 2010

    It is important to be very cautious when investing in stocks. Its very harsh at the moment however the FTSE seems to be rising month on month

  3. Leo
    11:24 am on May 8th, 2010

    That was one of my problems as well. I got attached to the stocks which will blindside our decisions. However, a way to minimize this is to also diversify your investments “Don’t put all your eggs in one basket”.

  4. Chris
    5:36 am on April 4th, 2011

    …However, a way to minimize this is to also diversify your investments “Don’t put all your eggs in one basket”…
    well, sometimes you don’t have a choice, and “all eggs put in one basket”, i think in a post above, it must be the same situation.

  5. Short Term Stock Trades of Synacor (SYNC) | Money Cake
    5:56 pm on June 3rd, 2012

    […] However, I soon remember why I decided to exit the stock market and to never re-enter.  See “5 Reasons Why I Lost Over $300,000 in the Stock Market” to find out why.  However, lately I’ve been having the bug because the stock market […]

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